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Frigate Shtandart
1699

The frigate Shtandart was the first ship of Russia's Baltic fleet. Her keel was laid on April 24, 1699 at the Olonetsky shipyard near Olonets by the decree of Tsar Peter I. The vessel was built by the Dutch shipwright Vybe Gerens under the direct supervision of the tsar. She was the first flagship of the Imperial Russian Navy and was in service until 1727. The name Shtandart was also given to the royal yachts of the tsars until the Russian Revolution in 1917.

The name Shtandart signifies Peter the Great's desire to gain access to the Baltic Sea, which at the time of the Shtandart's construction was dominated by the Swedish Empire. A plan to take control of the Baltic Sea away from Sweden was revived after Peter's Grand Embassy ended in 1698. The name refers more directly to a naval ensign created for the new Baltic Fleet, of which the Shtandart was the first ship. Peter's goal was finally realized after he decisively defeated Swedish forces at the Battle of Poltava in 1709, a turning point for Russia in the Great Northern War (1700–1721).

The Shtandart's design combined techniques from English and Dutch shipbuilding schools. The frame of the ship is wide, almost square, and the ship's double bottom is flat, reducing the draft. The high rigging of the sails is in the English style. She was 113 feet in lenth with a beam of 82 feet. She had 24 guns and carried a crew of 120.

Frigate Shtandart 1699 

Picture of the Frigate Shtandart by Vladimir Emyshev, time of origin unknown.

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