CHRONOLOGY

The 17th century was  a time of great turmoil in Europe. During the whole century there were only two years when the great powers were not at war with one another. On the other hand it was also a time of great artistic explosion. Even the most powerful destructive machines, the warships, were designed to be beautiful as well as powerful. In the United Provinces vroom , the Dutch Golden Age of Painting arose, and brought with it the first artists who exclusively painted marine subjects.